AIOU Solved Assignments Spring 2019 - passive income

Spring 2019 Assignments List

AIOU solved assignments for the semester of Spring 2019 are available, kindly send your request at or by calling Mobile no. mentioned on the top of the website.
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Teachers to get six months training

PESHAWAR: The elementary and secondary education department has launched a six-month intensive professional training programme for all the newly recruited teachers in the province.

According to a stamen, under the Teachers’ Induction Programme, 15,000 pre-loaded tablets will be provided to all the teachers during the training. A contract of Rs424 million has been signed between the education department and a supplier for the purpose.

The tablets will contain training videos, modules and contents through a specially designed learning management system. These sessions will be facilitated by subject experts from the Provincial Institute for Teachers Training (PITE).

It is worth mentioning that education department has completed its six months intensive professional development programme for 13,274 newly recruited teachers in the first phase.
In the first phase of the programme, 70 lead master trainers have been trained by Provincial Institute for Teachers Education and Directorate of Curricula and Teachers Education to further cascade training to 1,440 subject experts.

The master trainers have been selected from Provincial Institute for Teacher Education (PITE), Directorate of Curriculum and Teacher Education (DCTE), Regional Institute for Teacher Education (RITEs) and high and higher secondary schools.

Similarly, around 600 high schools have been designated as centres for the training of 15,000 teachers. Separate centres for primary and secondary and male and female teachers have been designated. There will be 260 centres for secondary schoolteachers and 330 for primary schoolteachers.

The induction programme will enhance teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge and their skills in the subjects of English, mathematics and science.

The programme is being enforced through an intensive blended learning model in accordance with the 21st century teaching methodology.

Published in Dawn, April 4th, 2019

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Bribing your way to college? Check your math, it may not pay

Experts agree that college pays off. But at any price? More than two dozen wealthy families charged with allegedly cheating or bribing their kids´ way into elite schools are learning the hard way that crime doesn’t pay, even when higher education is the prize.

Potential criminal punishments aside, the scheme raises the question: was the premium parents paid worth the anticipated long-term economic gain for their children?

Take Bruce Isackson, president of a Woodside, California, real estate firm, and his wife Davina, who in July 2015 turned over 2,150 shares worth $251,000 of Facebook Inc stock to help get their daughter into UCLA as a fake soccer recruit, according to a federal criminal complaint. If they had just held on to those shares, they would have been worth around $373,000 today.

They later allegedly spent another $350,000 to get their younger daughter into the University of Southern California as a bogus rowing recruit.

Manuel Henriquez, a resident of Atherton, California, who until Tuesday was chairman of Silicon Valley finance company Hercules Capital Inc, and his wife Elizabeth were arrested in New York after allegedly shelling out more than $500,000 to cheat on entrance exams and fake their daughter’s tennis expertise to get her into Georgetown University.

Just imagine the calculus of the unnamed relatives of a teenaged girl who authorities said paid $1.2 million to get her into Yale University as a soccer recruit, though she did not play competitively.

And then there are the parents accused by prosecutors of paying $15,000 apiece to cheat on standardized tests to make their kids’ applications look better.

All of these were upfront costs incurred even before the first checks for tuition, room and board and other fees were written. In each case, would the crime have even paid off?

Doing The Math

Five years ago, San Francisco Federal Reserve Bank President Mary Daly – then associate director of the bank´s research department – asserted in a paper that college costs more often than not are worth the expense over the long term. A student in 2014 paying $21,200 a year for a four-year degree, she found, would break even with someone with only a high school diploma by the age of 38 and would have made a cumulative $831,000 more than that individual by retirement.

But what about the Yale student and her family, who paid $1.2 million up front and then presumably were on the hook for full tuition and room and board adding up to more than $70,000 a year? That´s an all-in tab for that degree of $1.48 million.

Using Daly’s approach as a guide and inputting updated government data on median incomes for individuals with and without college degrees, a Reuters analysis found a college grad whose $70,000 annual tuition was paid upfront would outearn a high school grad by $1.3 million over a lifetime of work, assuming each earned the median national wage for their demographic inflated over time.

But the unidentified student´s family paid more than five times the Yale sticker price after the bribe, a cost that would not be fully recovered until the child reaches age 64, assuming 3 percent annual wage growth and a one-time, 10 percent increase at age 34 to reflect higher earnings of older adults.

In many cases involving wealthy parents, future earnings may be less of a draw than the prestige of saying your offspring were at Yale or Stanford, or the lure of potential connections with influential elite-school graduates.

But had some of these parents not been caught, the payoff alone might have been worth it.

In the case of a less expensive school like UCLA, the $391,000 cost to the Isacksons – the $251,000 bribe plus $140,000 for four years of tuition and fees – would still leave a lifetime earnings surplus for their daughter of a bit over $1.2 million.

Meanwhile, for those parents like “Desperate Housewives” actress Felicity Huffman, whose total outlay in the fraudulent enterprise was just $15,000 to improve their childrens’ entrance exam scores by cheating, the payoff would have been handsome. Assuming the student graduates, the $22,000 gap in median annual pay between high school and college graduates would easily offset the extra investment.

Lawyers representing the Henriquez couple and Bruce Isackson did not respond to a request for comment. Davina Isackson could not be reached.


There are benefits to a degree from a top college beyond excess earnings over time. Unemployment is lower among college grads and job satisfaction is higher.

Philip Oreopoulos, an economics professor at the University of Toronto, has even quantified non-work-related benefits of a college education, including lower divorce rates, better health, and more happiness overall, even after accounting for pay differences.

“It goes way beyond financial gain,” he says, adding that he in no way endorses parental cheating, which he called “grossly unfair.”

The still-unfolding scandal highlights economic inequalities exacerbated by college admissions programs that in some cases legally give preference to children of wealthy parents, even as US students are saddled with a collective $1.56 trillion in loans, Federal Reserve data shows.

The financial analysis suggests that, in terms of money alone, at least some of the bribes and cheating would have led to a net gain – unless you consider how the money might otherwise have been invested.

The return on the median fraudulent payment of $250,000, invested at the standard 6 percent yearly return used by many long-term financial planners, after high school and through age 65 would have been $3.9 million, Reuters calculated.

And for $1.2 million – the maximum shelled out? $18.6 million.

Next time, tell your mom to just give you the money.

Published in Daily Times, March 16th 2019.

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Govt focusing on girls education in merged districts

KOHAT: Adviser to the chief minister on education, MPA Ziaullah Bangash has said the government is paying serious attention to the education sector, particularly girls education, in the merged districts.

A statement issued here on Monday said the lawmaker accompanied by Kohat deputy commissioner Khalid Iqbal and education officer Hashmat Khan paid a visit to the Orakzai tribal district, where he was told that a number of girls schools were under-construction.

He lauded security forces for lending help in construction of girls schools. He said education of women was the first step towards development and a civilised society.

He said in that regard awareness campaigns were also being launched to sensitise the parents to the importance of enrolling their children in government schools which were being established close to the populated areas.

He thanked the Sector Commander Southwest Brig Shehzad Akbar for taking interest in construction of government model girls high school, Samana Bazaar, government girls higher secondary school and government degree college for boys, Kalaya, in Orakzai.

POETRY SESSION: Poets enthralled the audience with their verses at a literary function organised to pay tributes to great warrior and Pakhtun leader Khushal Khan Khattak on his 330th death anniversary.

The programme was held under the auspices of Youth Welfare Committee and Khushal Khan Adabi Jirga.

A large number of poets and writers from Peshawar, Mardan, Kohat, Karak, Bannu and all over the province gathered at the function.

The function had been divided into two sessions, one was for highlighting his personality and literary contributions of Khushal Khan and second for poetry reciting.

The participants said Khushal Baba was an asset for Pakhtuns and guiding force behind the struggle for their rights. They stressed that the new generation needed to be taught about the bravery and poetry of Khushal Khan so they could know the importance of keeping their separate identity alive.

They said the Pakhtuns needed personalities like Khushal Khan who could help realise their rights.

The speakers said Khushal Khan Khattak was also called Baba-i-Pashto.

SHUHADA PACKAGE SOUGHT: The officials of forest department have demanded Shuhada package for the watchman who was killed while stopping drug smugglers from entering the Togh Mangara Safari Park, last week.

They appealed to the chief minister, secretary forest and state minister for interior Shehryar Afridi to announce Shuhada package and monthly stipend for the wife and children of watchman, Vaqarul Hassan.

Published in Dawn, February 19th, 2019

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Fulbright Scholarships program for Pakistan is now accepting applications

The United Educational Foundation (USEFP) has announced Fulbright scholarships for Pakistani students for the 2020 academic year. The deadline for applications is May 15, 2019, and the program will cover all of the expenses of the students going to the USA for the pursuit of higher studies.

The program allows students to apply for MS leading to Ph.D. programs or simply Ph.D. scholarships. Various disciplines are being offered including energy, water, agriculture, public health, education, and others. The list is extremely long and if you are interested, your degree will most likely be offered in the masters or Ph.D. program list.

Fulbright is widely recognized and is one of the most prestigious programs available to students throughout the world to study in American universities. About 1 in 4.3 applicants is awarded a Fulbright scholarship according to recent stats as per Pro Fellow. In the 2015-16 academic year, only 24% of the candidates received this grant to study abroad which clearly shows how tough the competition is.
The Fulbright Pakistan program covers travel, living stipends, health insurance, and tuition for the entire period of study, this cost can amount to a total of $30,000 or more in many cases. Minister Counsellor for Public Affairs Christopher Fitzgerald, while speaking about the Fulbright program, said that it was the cornerstone of Pakistan and USA ties:

Fulbright is not just an academic scholarship – it is a programme that produces strong leaders who return to Pakistan upon completion of their studies and make a difference in improving their communities.

You can apply for the Fulbright program on the USEFP website.

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Campus security Issues

Jamshoro is considered to be the spot of three prominent universities (MUET, LUMHS, UOS) however the sense of security is still ambiguous.

More than 50 thousand students are enrolled and huge staff is working in these three universities but no any specific proactive measures of security are provided to campuses. Various criminal activities are happening and countless security threats are being put on authorities. Recent suicide case of Lumhs student is still an enigma, bombs found on MUET’s gate, suicide case of Naila Rind and many other incidents remained unsolved. No any proper checkup can be observed at campuses, allocated security figures are unable to perform their duties properly. Students and staff are highly under the threat of criminal deeds.

A female student as a victim of harassment by mate students and teachers concludes the sense of inadequate security regarding female matters. Moreover the coming and going of strange people is frequent in campuses, everyone is free to enter and exit that is undetermined.

The bright future of Pakistan is under drastic threat of criminal and villainous play, And campuses need a shadow of stringent protection against such culprits whose motive is to destruct education.



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Auditors detect anomalies worth Rs38m in FDE colleges

ISLAMABAD: Auditors have uncovered irregularities worth Rs38 million in the education department of the federal capital between 1999-2009.
This was disclosed during a meeting of a sub-committee of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) on Thursday. The committee was chaired by former minister for defence production Rana Tanveer Hussain. The committee discussed audit reports relating to the ministry of education and the ministry of inter-provincial coordination.

Reviewing the fees received from students of Islamabad Model Colleges, officials of the education department told the committee that Rs38 million in fees was collected only from students studying in the morning shift. This money was in turn used to pay daily-wage teachers while the grants provided by the government were saved in the colleges’ accounts.
They added that ten principals who followed this practice are now either retired or dead.
The officials said that there was no room to suspect the intention of the principals as they did not deposit this large sum in their personal accounts.
Education ministry explained that the principals carried out this practice for a noble cause.
However, since fees were no longer being collected from students, the government was filling the subsequent massive hole in revenues, the ministry said.
Further, the PAC expressed its displeasure over alleged favouritism in awarding tenders for school furniture.

Auditors said that officials had ignored a lower bid during the bidding process and it resultantly caused a loss of around Rs5.836 million to the public exchequer.
The auditors recommended conducting a departmental inquiry and filing a criminal case against the officials suspected of wrongdoing.

Meanwhile, the education ministry pointed fingers towards Mustafeen Kazmi for causing the loss, adding that if found guilty, this would not be his first offence since he has previously faced jail time over such allegations.
At this, PAC member Amir Dogar suggested that the committee file another case against Kazmi. The committee subsequently directed to launch an inquiry against him.

PSB land

During the committee meeting, Capital Development Authority (CDA) Chairman and Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) Chief Commissioner Aamir Ali Ahmed raised the issue of 72 acres of land occupied by the Pakistan Sports Board (PSB) and the construction of a host of structures on it had been pending for several years and needs to be settled as per the rules.
The CDA chief said that a number of structures, including the Gun and Country Club, the Boxing Club, baseball and hockey stadiums as well as Rehmat Hostel had been built on 72 acres of land which were not allotted to the PSB.
He, however, said that the CDA has no plans to demolish these buildings, but demanded that the civic body is paid the total value of the land.
The civic body’s chairman elaborated that as per rules, the inter-provincial coordination ministry was required to move a summary to the CDA for the regularization of the land. Once the civic authority receives the request, it will be bound to table it before its Board of Directors for a decision.
On the recommendations of the board, Ahmed said, the CDA will move a summary to the prime minister for the regularisation of the land subject to payment of the land’s value as determined by the CDA.

“The ministry is required to make a payment against the CDA land” he added.
At this, the convener of the sub-committee directed the inter-provincial coordination ministry secretary to move a summary to the quarters concerned, requesting the regularization of 72-acres of CDA land being used by the PSB.
The committee assured the ministry that government members of the committee will help in securing the PM’s approval.

Published in The Express Tribune, February 15th, 2019.

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Schools unregistered by April 12 to be closed

LAHORE: Provincial Minister for Schools Education Murad Raas has said that for the first time in the history of the country, schools education department is going to introduce teacher friendly e-transfer policy.
On the other side, 20 percent fee will be refunded to the parents of the students getting education in elite private schools which are charging more than Rs5,000 monthly. Similarly, private schools will be closed down in case they fail in getting registered by 12 April.

This was stated by him while addressing a press conference in DGPR Office here Tuesday. Lahore Deputy Commissioner Ms Saliha Saeed and Director General Public Relations Punjab Amjad Hussain Bhatti were also present on the occasion.

The minister said that parents should submit their complaints on 0336-7251214 if the private schools didn’t reimburse the additional dues to them. Their problems will be solved on emergent basis, he assured. He said that private school owners should ensure the implementation of Supreme Court’s order regarding fee deduction; otherwise, legal action would be taken against them. He said that latest computer technology would be used to improve the student-teacher ratio in classrooms. This will greatly help to improve the quality of education, he hoped. He said that under e-transfer policy, teachers’ transfer will be made purely on merit and in a transparent manner. He said this initiative would help to curb the mafia which used to take bribe in posting/transfer. He said that modern software would be utilised for posting/ transfer of teachers. He said that under transfer policy, initial relief would be provided to the female teachers.

Murad said that new educational year would be started from 1st of April whereas enrolment campaign would be started on 1st of March. Similarly, summer vocation would be started from June 1st and will be continued till August 11. He said that work was speedily being done for curbing the narcotics menace in educational institutions.

He said that random blood and urine tests would be conducted and a comprehensive campaign would be launched in order to create awareness among the students. He said that cigarettes and betel-nut chewing shops in the 500 radius of schools would be closed down to save the students from such injurious things.

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Literacy centre at Adiala Jail soon

RAWALPINDI: Modernised literacy centres will be set up at Adiala Jail in order to bring the prisoners into the mainstream and to rehabilitate them through knowledge and education.

This was stated on Monday by Punjab Minister for Literacy Raja Rashid Hafeez during a visit to the Adiala Central Jail. During his visit, Hafeez inspected the condition of the prison’s hospital and the vocational centre.

Published in The Express Tribune, February 12th, 2019.

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Underpasses can be made but not schools

The only reason Balochistan always has the highest ratio of out-of-school children is because Balochistan’s government has always been neglecting the decades-long education crisis.

Balochistan is generally defined as the province which is resourceful but remains the most underdeveloped in the country. Despite realising this, there is a whopping illiteracy rate which has not only devastated the province but also our youth. According to statistics, 5.02 million out-of-school girls and boys between the ages of five and 16 remain to be enrolled in schools and Pakistan has the second highest number of out-of-school children in the world after Nigeria.

Pakistan Education Statistic 2015-2016 launched by the National Education Management Information System – a subsidiary of the Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training revealed that Pakistan’s largest province – Balochistan – has the highest proportion of out-of-school children followed by the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

The only reason Balochistan always has the highest ratio of out-of-school children is because Balochistan’s government has always been neglecting the decades-long education crisis in the province and has never been sincere in efforts to increase enrolment of out of school children. The figure of 1.8 million out-of-school children, as social workers say, is projected to increase in the next year.

It must be noted that Balochistan has around 13,000 government-run schools, 2,500 of which are for girls and the other 10,500 for boys respectively. On the contrary, Balochistan is home to more than 10 million people.

Most of these schools lack infrastructure such as boundary walls, electricity, toilets and most importantly clean drinking water which raises the question: What is Balochistan government doing to provide quality education to its youth?

Even the number of qualified teachers is far too low. One can often see one teacher attending a class of far too many students under trees, since there is lack of classrooms.

According to the recent estimation of International Labour Organisation, 10 million children are estimated to be child labourers and according to estimates, 38.4 percent of the youth are estimated to be illiterate in Pakistan. On top of that, illiterate youth and illiterate children, both are obstructions to progress and peace in Balochistan.

Spontaneously, the Balochistan government started the National Testing Service which aims to give academic opportunities to students based on merit. Unfortunately, the programme could not be properly executed because of a lack of teachers.

The Balochistan government has claimed that it is giving priority to the education sector of Balochistan. It has also allocated Rs 50 million for teachers’ salaries, however teachers remain absent from Balochistan’s schools. It seems as if these teachers only exist on paper.

Last year, the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was made responsible for investigating embezzlement in the Balochistan educational system. NAB took action against 400 teachers who had used fake certifications to get jobs in schools, but this will not fix Balochistan’s education problems.

It must be noted that Balochistan has around 13,000 government-run schools, 2,500 of which are for girls and the other 10,500 for boys. Most of these schools lack infrastructure such as boundary walls, electricity, toilets and most importantly clean drinking water which raises the question: What is Balochistan government doing to provide quality education?

To my recent visit in my own native village, I surprisingly found the boys and girls high school in shabby conditions. On my query, one of the students told me that they were not interested in studies because they would easily solve the paper through cheating.

While the other said, “Of what use is education to us?”

Karim, the son of a farmer in the village has a very vigorous desire to get education but unfortunately he is among that large number of Baloch who are out of schools.

One of the farmers in the village said that he had a son named Amin who had clinched the first position in Grade 1 but has never gone to school and has been addicted to drugs and snatches mobile phones, money of many people and his crimes are common in the village due to illiteracy.

A girl, Isra, after passing Grade 5, has been forced to quit school because there’s only one primary school in her village and she has to go to Tump for her higher education but her parents are very poor and both of them work and thus, she gets no one to drop and pick her from the nearby government secondary school.

There are more than hundreds of thousands of Baloch who want to pursue education but to no avail.

Despite the Article 25-A quotes, “The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children aged five to 16 years,” the state fails to provide education to its youth. The law is quite adequate but has been neglected and thus child labour is piling up rather than coming to an end. Above all, Balochistan government does not only need to provide free education but also free uniforms so that the poorest citizens can also receive at least a basic education. On account of unaffordable uniforms, many children have been expelled from school, resulting in mind boggling illiteracy.

Balochistan is facing a number of problems and consequences such as target killings, kidnappings, street crimes, robberies, begging, suicides amongst the youth and many more, most of which are being committed by illiterate youth and illiterate children. Illiterate people, who have scarcity of knowledge, are likely to fall prey to crimes and other anti-social activities.

It may not come as surprise to most of us that terrorism, which has made life in Pakistan a living hell, is piling up owing to the exploitation of illiterate people by terrorists who use them as their ‘foot soldiers’ by manipulating religion.

We always catch news of illiterate people or youth meeting with terrorists. They join hands with the terrorists after being brainwashed on the basis of religion. Afterwards, they try to kill innocent people via suicide explosions.

Howbeit, the federal and provincial government spend millions and even trillions to buy F-16 and build underpasses, motorways and corridors but the percentage of education in Balochistan is 5 percent.

If we have a strong desire to help the poor citizens of this country occupy a good position in society, we ought to divert full focus on free education, root and branch, which not only helps poor people but also results in rooting out most of the crime-related problems of our country so that our next generations see a greater tomorrow.

Zeeshan Nasir

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Drugs Abuse in educational institutions

The use of various kinds of drugs by the male and the female students in our educational institutions must be a cause of great concern for our society generally, and for their parents specially. In the recent past, various TV channels of the country have also reported that our youth is getting addicted to various harmful drugs in the educational institutions of the country. The shocking thing that has been reported by all these TV channels is that these young students easily get these drugs from their educational institutes.
In this regard, some vital questions are: who is providing these drugs to young students in these educational institutions? Are the authorities in these educational institutes completely unaware and ignorant of such activities taking place in their institutions? If the authorities concerned know all this has been happening, then what are they doing to curb the situation?
The governments of the respective provinces should be serious on this very important and sensitive issue and the government functionaries such as Ministers and Secretaries of the Education & Universities departments should issue warning letters to the concerned authorities within the educational institutions ( schools , colleges and universities) for strictly watching the activities of their students over there.
Besides this, stringent punishments may be given to those officers of the educational institutions who are found to be involved in providing drugs to the young students in collusion with drug dealers. If the respective provincial governments and their departments failed to take timely action, it may further ruin our youth, which, by any means, would be dangerous for the healthy growth of our society.


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Historical school of Larkana completes 100 years

LARKANA: The historical Government Pilot Higher Secondary School in Larkana completed 100 years of functioning here on Wednesday.

To celebrate the memorable event, students and teachers of the school took out a large rally, marching through various roads and concluded the march at Jinnah Bagh.

Principal Allah Bux Soomro told newsmen that over one hundred thousand students have so far obtained education from this historical school who are now serving the country in various capacities in Pakistan and abroad.

He said that Sindh High Court Chief Justice Ahmed Ali Shaikh, first woman deputy speaker of the National Assembly (NA) Dr Begum Ashraf Abbasi, Senator Khalid Mahmood Soomro, Nisar Ahmed Khuhro, Additional Chief Secretary Roshan Ali Shaikh, World Bank Director Ali Nawaz Memon, former MNA Khalid Iqbal Memon, former Senator Dr Safdar Abbasi, ex-BISE chairman Mahboob Shaikh, Secretary Ghulam Abbas Detho, Haji Munawar Abbasi, Gilgit-Baltistan IGP Sanaullah Abbasi were also educated at this school.

He said that previously co-education was in effect here but later separate girls’ schools were established.

He said that 6,300 students are enrolled from class VI to XII at the moment for whom only 140 teachers are working to impart education in 43 classes while 27 non-teaching staff is also posted here.

He claimed that the school is one of those schools of Sindh which has the best enrollment in the province.

He further said that a 100-years festival will be organised which will be held from February 11 to February 16 during which students will participate in various stalls, exhibitions, quizzes, speech competitions while informative educational programmes will also be arranged.

“A musical night will also be held in the end in which renowned Sufi singers will perform,” he said.

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30 million children out of school in Pakistan: PEN CEO

Lahore – Pakistan is in the midst of an unparalleled education crisis. There are 22.6 million out-of-school children in Pakistan which accounts for 44 percent of all children in the country. According to Alif Ailaan, children who are enrolled in schools receive a poor quality of education, especially students enrolled in government schools. Government schools’ students lag behind their private school counterparts regarding reading and arithmetic skills. Progressive Education Network (PEN) is a non-profit organisation that is working to address the education crisis in Pakistan. Presently, PEN is providing quality education to 50,436 students through a network of 227 public schools across Pakistan.

We sat down with Dr Muhammad Najeeb Khan in PEN’s head office in Lahore to ask him about PEN’s work. Dr Najeeb has recently joined PEN as its Chief Executive and wants to see it grow across the country.

PEN CEO is a former civil servant – who previously headed different development programs, including the Benazir Income Support Program. Dr Najeeb is a medical professional with specialization in Community Medicine, but he has also spent a significant time managing human development projects in civil service.

He has had a long-term interest in primary education and brings private sector business experience and international fundraising exposure, also, his passion and vigor to this venture.
Question: What was the rationale behind the founding of PEN?

ANSWER: Progressive Education Network was founded by seven close friends; who are educationists, bankers, professionals, and people in the business.

Pakistan has the worst indicators regarding infant mortality rate, infant health, child stunting, and early childhood education in the world. There are nearly 30 million children out of school in Pakistan which has a total population of 220 million and ranks 6th in the world by population.

With an impending youth bulge in Pakistan’s population, our failure to act now can lead to grave consequences: poverty trap, sheer illiteracy, extremism, and high crime. Eighty-eight percent of the marginalized families send their children to government schools – where students lag 2.5 years behind their private school counterparts regarding basic literacy and numeracy skills.
PEN was established as a non-person centric, transparent organization that works to address the education crisis in Pakistan. We believe that given the extent of the problem, it is no longer just the government’s responsibility. The private sector will have to play an integral role in addressing these problems.

Therefore, we work under a public-private partnership model. PEN adopts underserved government schools for a minimum period of 10 years. This allows PEN to build on government’s existing infrastructure and implement reforms focusing on student enrollment, retention, drop-out, and international academic standards.

PEN model focuses on the provision and training of teachers, student learning and assessment, and character-building in addition to providing vital missing facilities.

By improving education delivery in government schools, we are able to reach the underprivileged children given that Government schools cater to low-income families.
Can you tell me how you reform government schools?

In addition to operating 227 public schools nationwide, PEN is also launching PEN Academy – an online portal with learning resources in Urdu for Pakistani children.

Our goal is to reach 1 million children through PEN-adopted schools by 2025 and have 5 million children benefiting from our learning resources through PEN Academy.

Let me explain how we transform under-performing public schools after adopting them. Before adopting a school, we conduct a baseline survey of the school. This survey includes assessing a school’s physical facilities, community engagement, net and gross enrollment, student achievement, and teachers’ evaluation. Based on this, we develop an intervention plan that addresses the shortcomings of each school. After a lot of internal debates and brainstorming sessions, we have evolved a model for a PEN school. This model lays out the number of classrooms in each school, student-teacher ratio, number of washrooms per student, etc. We compare the surveyed school to this model and devise an intervention plan.

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Our academic interventions in adopted schools include the addition of teachers to reduce student-teacher ratio, teachers’ training, student assessment, student and teacher incentives, etc. It also involves imparting leadership skills to head teachers.

Under-performing government schools usually have poor physical facilities. While our focus is on academics, we also want to create an environment that is conducive to learning. Hence, PEN builds classrooms and washrooms where needed, provides clean and cold drinking water, and furniture for all students and teachers. We also appoint a maid in the school who cleans the premises twice daily.

PEN has a rigorous monitoring and evaluation mechanism. Our staff members visit schools daily and record their observations through a mobile app which relays this geo-tagged data to the head office. This information helps us to determine our performance on a regular basis.

We at PEN are passionate about life-skills training to the students and computer education. We have established computer labs in our elementary-level schools and launched a pilot project of digital learning. As part of life-skills training, we have included co-curricular activities in the curriculum. PEN students participate in sports competitions, debates, creative writing and summer camps. We organize Student Week every academic year which is a week-long event featuring inter-school competitions.
What is your core competency?

Teachers’ training. We have a very comprehensive teacher training program which is held throughout the academic year. During the summer and winter holidays, we organize longer training sessions. Internal and external trainers deliver training; external trainers come from LUMS, GCU, University of Education, etc. We have a very high attendance rate at our training programs which focus on classroom management, child psychology and improve teachers’ subject competency. We also cover interactive learning and encourage a participatory approach to learning among students.

What are your goals?

We are driven by our goal to provide quality education to a million children by the year 2025 and have 5 million children benefiting from the learning resources on PEN Academy.
What are some of the challenges you are facing?

Our biggest challenges are funding and reforming Government teachers. We are revamping our website, frequent updates on social media and better donor stewardship.

One of our continuing challenges is student retention. We see that that in Government schools you have 100 students in KG but only a third stay in school until Class 5. Most of these children drop out and start working in the fields or at small shops. The drop out ratio is even worse among girls because of child marriage in rural areas. We are addressing these issues by increasing our contact with the parents. We’ve increased the frequency of the parent-teacher meetings and are now using these meetings to highlight the benefits of education.

What do you, personally, spend most of your time on?
I am an avid reader and conduct a fair amount of research on educational initiatives around the world to learn what may work in our scenario. My interests are philosophy and comparative religion.

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Education system

In our Balochistan, the illiteracy rates going to high because of no proper schooling for the children. Most of the schools are without or lesser teachers and most of the schools have not building. Children are deprived of their basic needs.
Government should concentrate on existent education system which is the curse and most of teacher and staff are not being paid regularly. Why Balochistan is so neglected?



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Board of Secondary Education Karachi’s website hacked

A group of hackers hacked on Saturday evening the website of the Board of Secondary Education Karachi.

The group behind the hacking of the website ( identified itself as ‘SMOG’.

Students use the website for exam results and details about admissions in Karachi’s educational institutions.

In January 2018, another group of hackers had taken over the website of the PTI.

The text on the hacked page stated that whether or not change comes in the PTI, change has come on the party’s website.
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Knowledge economy

Pakistan’s overall economic outlook undergoes various loopholes. Its GDP growth rate is around 5.8 per cent. Its per capita income is $1,600 and about 40pc of the country’s population lives below the poverty line. In this backdrop, fostering knowledge economy is extremely important. Knowledge economy means to value knowledge, ideas and promote innovations, talent and technology and also respect prosperity and diversity.

Despite the fact that education is the backbone of a knowledge-based economy, the state of education though portrays depressing look. Literacy rate is nearly 58pc.About 22 million children are out of school. It’s rare to find quality education in the country. From primary to university level education system is outdated and outlying to compete with global learning teaching standard outcomes. Teaching staff is not fully trained on pedagogy methods. Thesis and research papers produced by universities are of low quality. The education system instead of producing intellectual human capital is creating a mob of illiterates and fundamentalists.

At the time of its creation, Pakistan had only one public institute that is Punjab University, but these days there are about 114 public and 78 private universities and colleges, some of which are recognised by the HEC. It is a matter of fact that institutions of higher learning contribute to prosperity and progress, which further leads to knowledge-based economy. There are not any hotbeds where intellectual arguments need to be refined into concrete realities. An educationist says, “Pakistan does not have even a single public sector university in the country that has an appropriate fully functional ‘Learning Management System’ and ‘University Governance’ aligning with global needs.”

This is the age of information technology, which is incredibly a worthy source of knowledge economy. It consumes and produces on the basis of intellectual capital, where technology and rapid information access play a key role in economic development and growth taking superiority over traditional drivers of growth; for example, low skilled labour and humancapital.

The global economy has got various transitions from agricultural economy to industrial economy to post-industrial economy and now to knowledge economy. The latest age has been marked by the upheavals in technological innovations and the globally competitive need for innovation with new products and process that develop from research community. Six modern technologies are considered highly important such as computers, micro-electronics, human-made materials, telecommunications, biotechnology and robotics. These technologies will make paradigm shift in businesses throughout world.

Pakistan is a youthful country. It consists of about 64% of young people below 30. Now the government is advised to build a knowledge-based economy through fostering new information technological universities. Universities and technical institutes need to be connected with hi-tech industries. Knowledge and innovation should be encouraged and rewarded. The government should increase the education budget up to 4pc of GDP and also increase the research and development budget. To build a pool of intellectuals and human capital need to have significant public policies. Brain drain should also be stopped. Pakistan also needs to thrive in socio-political and socio-economic institutions. It is time Pakistan needed an intellectual revolution than anything else to boost the economy and to compete with the changing global economic trends.

Knowledge economy will make Pakistan lead globally and to become 10th economic power in the world in coming three decades. Therefore, knowledge is our intellectual heritage; it needs to be utilised for nation-building.

By Murtaza Talpur
(The writer is a socioeconomic development professional with eight years’ experience in development and humanitarian sector).

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Education emergency

The crisis of our school education system is much deeper than is appreciated by state authorities in Islamabad. The good news is that there is realization of the extent of the crisis in concerned quarters, i.e. education bureaucracies in the Centre and provinces. Towards the end of 2018, a very well drafted policy framework was presented to the nation by the Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) government. It detailed the urgent task of enrolling 22.84 million out of school children across the country, the bulk of whom should attend middle and secondary schools but cannot because there aren’t enough such schools in the country to begin with. The framework also recognised the need to bring up the net-enrolment rates which are among the lowest in the South Asian region.

Another aspect, not stressed enough in the framework, is the gradual withdrawal of the state from provision of this key public good. A report compiled by Alif Ailaan has documented that almost 40 percent of the school-going children are enrolled in private schools. Only a fraction of this percentage attends schools that cater to the elites and the upwardly mobile middle classes, whose tuition fees have been a subject of concern for the executive and judicial authorities of the state for quite some time. After having ordered a flat 20 percent reduction in tuition fees of such schools in December last year, the apex court has now sought a report on the implementation status of its ruling.

While judicial activism of this sort can provide a temporary relief to the vocal elites and upper-middle classes, the underlying problem that has caused the mushrooming of private schools remains unaddressed. That has to do with the state’s complete abdication of its responsibility to provide a good quality education to Pakistan’s children. The role of the state in provision of education cannot be stressed enough given the public nature of the good. By surrendering this responsibility to the market, the state has become complicit in an apartheid of sorts where those with means can afford quality education for their children who get an advantage over children from poor and lower-middle class households for no achievements of their own. This means that there are next to no chances opportunities for upward social mobility available to children born into poor households or those born away from cities, and that our society has become deeply fragmented along the lines of economic class.

Therefore, the authorities in Islamabad will be best advised to be sincere to the Pakistani children and initiate a dialogue for ending this education apartheid. Temporary and ad hoc measures to cut down on tuition fees charged by private education institutes will address only the symptoms of the deeper crisis of school education. To address the crisis itself, the authorities will have to do some introspection, meaning they will need redo the public education system. Educating our children is too serious a task to be handed over to the whims of the market. *

Published in Daily Times, January 11th 2019.

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The plight of a CA student

Chartered Accountancy (CA) students are normally not included in discussions on the problems of Pakistan’s education system. CA education is divided into four stages and to clear the first two levels (AFC and CAF), which secure students’ professional career to a great extent, students have to pass 13 papers. The Education and Training Scheme 2013 that was issued on March 15, 2014 allows six attempts for each paper of the CAF stage and two additional attempts for those who are left with two papers. Following the implementation of the scheme, students who were unable to pass only one or two exams within the stipulated number of attempts were disqualified, which in other words meant that officially they are now only high school graduates. Many affected students sent an application to the Supreme Court, but received no response. Students who have passed 11 or 12 out of 13 CAF papers deserve to continue further and must be given a chance to complete their studies. In addition, the three-and-a-half-year-long mandatory articleship also brings a lot of problems for students. A CAF qualified student receives only Rs11,000 a month from an audit firm and has to work for long hours (from 9am to 9pm or late). Students are now demanding that the Institute of Chartered Accountancy Pakistan (ICAP) review its policy regarding disqualification rules and trainee remunerations.
Mudabbir Ali


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Tutors’ selection system to be revised this year: AIOU

LAHORE – AIOU Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Zia-Ul Qayyum Tuesday said tutors’ selection system of the Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) would be revised from this year to enhance credibility and efficiency of the distance learning.

Addressing the university’s tutors from the Rawalpindi region on the eve of autumn semester, 2018 here, he said the purpose of revision would be to improve the evaluation and assessment mechanism of the teaching process. There would be fresh tutors’ appointments and the credentials of the existing ones would be rechecked. Their appointment might be on basis of the academic session.

Dr Qayyum said the tutorial system would be transformed to make the contents’ delivery system best one and to achieve the target of quality education.

He said being the university’s backbone, the regional campuses would also be transformed with the induction of new technology and upgrading their infrastructure network.

There would be the smart use of online teaching and learning process, he said, adding manual and human intervention would be minimal so that the efficiency of evaluation and assessment could be ensured.

He assured that there would be a fair and transparent process in the registration of tutors. He hoped that the university’s tutors, which were around 90,000 across the country, would perform their duties with a sense commitment and dedication. It was way to pay back to the country, what had been spent on them, he added.

The tutors’ meeting and briefing session were also addressed by the University’s Registrar Dr Zaigham Qadeer, Director Regional Services Inamullah Sheikh and Director Rawalpindi region Dr Malik Tuqeer Ahmed.
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Education in Sindh

The dismal condition of Sindh’s educational institutions highlights the fact that the provincial government is not allotting sufficient funds to the province’s education. The culture of cheating is rampant in schools and colleges and despite the authorities effort to curb cheating, wrongdoers come up with ways to cheat in an exam.

The PPP has been ruling Sindh for more than a decade now. The party should work more towards the betterment of the education sector. It is true that without education, a country cannot walk on the path to progress. Sindh will continue to lag behind in all fields unless the government takes immediate steps to revive the education sector.

Shafique Hussain Wassan

Khairpur Mirs

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Govt to introduce single curriculum countrywide

Federal Education Minister Shafqat Mehmood says the government has decided in principle to introduce a single curriculum throughout the country to improve our national education system as per international standards.

Addressing the first meeting of National Curriculum Council in Islamabad on Wednesday, he said for this purpose all the stakeholders will be taken on board to achieve a national consensus over this issue of vital importance.

The Minister said the current multiple curriculums based education system in the country has led to create injustices and imbalances in the society.

He said the elite class of the society prefers to send their children to English medium schools with manifolds extra expenditures while the middle and lower middle classes are unable to afford such a costly education.

Shafqat Mehmood said now it’s high time to replace this trend altogether with a single certification system to evolve a national cohesion among all segments of the society.

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Education termed best tool to curb extremism

TIMERGARA: Vice-chancellor of the University of Malakand, Prof Dr Gul Zaman, has said that modern education is the best tool to eradicate extremism in society.

He was addressing the annual prize distribution ceremony of the Smart School System, Timergara, the other day. Former finance minister Muzaffar Said and the institution’s MD Faridullah also spoke on the occasion. The students presented tableaus and speeches and got applause from the audience.

Prof Zaman said that private schools were playing an active role in imparting quality education and providing jobs. He termed close coordination between teachers and parents essential for elevating the standard of education.

He asked the parents to give time to their children for education at home. He said that the University of Malakand had planned to start MPhil and PhD programmes in Education and English subjects, which would help in building the teachers’ capacity of teaching at schools and colleges. He said that three buses from Timergara to the varsity would start service from Feb 1.

TRANSFER OPPOSED: The local sports associations have demanded of provincial minister for sports and tourism Mohammad Atif Khan to cancel the transfer orders of sports assistant Ibrar Ahmad.

The demand was made during a joint meeting of different sports bodies here the other day with Shah Nasim in the chair. Speaking on the occasion, Mr Nasim said that government employees, especially from education department, were being posted in Lower Dir sports’ department on deputation leaving no space for sports’ personnel.

The meeting demanded of the government to stop appointments on deputation in sports department and cancel the transfer orders of Mr Ahmad.

Published in Dawn, January 7th, 2019

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AIOU Solved Assignment BA 439 Advertising and Sales Promotion Autumn 2018

Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) solved assignment BA, Advertising and Sales Promotion, Book code 439, Autumn 2018 is available now according to AIOU pattern, please visit following links for more AIOU assignments available on the website. Contact for assignment delivery on Helpline number.
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AIOU Solved Assignment 201 Matric Islamiat Compulsory Autumn 2018

Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) solved assignment  Matric , Islamiat Compulsory, Book code 201, Autumn 2018 is available now according to AIOU pattern, please visit following link for more AIOU assignments available on the website. Contact for assignment delivery on Mobile number.
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